Refereed Journal Articles (with links to published and WP versions)

31. “Who Benefits From Free Health Insurance? Evidence from Mexico” (with R. Ginja). Journal of Human Resources. 2023 vol. 58 no. 1: 146-182.

30. “Risk Factors for Early Natural Menopause: Evidence from the 1958 and 1970 British birth cohorts” (with D. Peycheva, A. Sullivan, R. Hardy, A. Bryson and G. Ploubidis). BMC Women’s Health. 02 November 2022, 22(1), 438.

29. “Post-COVID economic recovery: women and children first…or last?” (with M. Hanson and N. Moodi). Archives of Diseases in Childhood. 17 February 2022. 107(3), 214-215.

28. “LongITools: Dynamic longitudinal exposome trajectories in cardiovascular and metabolic non-communicable diseases“, with J. Ronkainen, R. Nedelec, T. Juola, S. Sebert et al. Environmental Epidemiology. February 2022. Vol. 6 issue 1.

27. “The Consequences of Early Menopause and Menopause Symptoms for Labour Market Participation” (with A. Bryson, D. Peycheva, A. Sullivan and R. Hardy). Social Science and Medicine. January 2022. Vol. 293.

26. “A Demonstration Study of the Quiet Time Transcendental Meditation Program” with O. Doyle, P. Fearon and V. Oppedisano. Frontiers in Psychology. Open Access. Online 24 January 2022. See here a short video of the programme in the primary school in London.

25. “The economic costs of child maltreatment in the UK”, with M. Melnychuk, S. Morris and E. Pizzo. Health Economics. September 2021, 30(12), 3087-3105.

24. “Influence of childhood socio-economic position and ability on mid-life cognitive function – evidence from three British birth cohorts” (with E. McElroy, M. Richards, E. Fitzsimons, G. Ploubidis, A. Sullivan and V. Moulton). Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 10 June 2021, 75(7), 643-650.

23. Overweight and obesity at age 18 after pre-natal famine exposure”, with P. Ekamper, F. van Poppel, G. Bjiward and L.H. Lumey. International Journal of Obesity. 10 May 2021. Volume , 45(8), 1668-1676.

22. “Impact of lockdown on keyworkers – Findings from the COVID-19 survey in five UK national longitudinal studies” (with C.-C. Topriceanu, A. Wong, J.C. Moon, A. Hughes, D. Bann, N. Chaturvedi, P. Patalay, and G. Captur). Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. Online 11 April 2021.

21. “Evaluating access to health and care services during lockdown by the COVID-19 survey in five UK national longitudinal studies” (with C. Topriceanu, A. Wong, J.C. Moon, A. Hughes, D. Bann, N. Chaturvedi, P. Patalay, and G. Captur). BMJ Open. Online 24 March 2021.

20. “The effects of home visiting on mother-child interactions: Evidence from a randomised trial using dynamic micro-level data” (with S. Poupakis, M. Sandner and S. Kliem). IFS WP 2020-4. HCEO WP 2019-66, IZA DP 12397. Child Abuse and Neglect. Online 08 March 2021.

19. “Building resilient societies after COVID-19 requires multifaceted investment targeting maternal, neonatal and child health” (with C.M. Jacob, D.D. Briana, G.C. Di Renzo, N. Modi, F. Bustreo, A. Malamitsi-Puchner, and M. Hanson). The Lancet Public Health. Online 22 September 2020.

18. “Inequality in socio-emotional skills: A cross-cohort comparison” (with O. Attanasio, R. Blundell and G. Mason). IFS WP 20-11HCEO WP 2018-071 and IZA DP 13124. Most downloaded HCEO WP in October 2018. Journal of Public Economics. Online 30 March 2020. Most downloaded paper in the HCEO series in October 2018 and for the period October 2018-October 2019 and in the IFS series for the period October 2018- October 2019.

17. “Prenatal and Infancy Nurse Home Visiting and 18-Year Outcomes of a Randomized Trial” (with H. Kitzman, D. Olds, M. Knudtson, R. Cole, E. Anson, J. Smith, D. Fishbein, R. DiClemente, G. Wingood, A. Caliendo, C. Hopfer and T. Miller). Pediatrics. December 2019.

16. “Prenatal and Infancy Nurse Home Visit Effects on Mothers: 18-Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Trial” (with D. Olds, H. Kitzman, E. Anson, J. Smith, M. Knudtson, T. Miller, R. Cole, C. Hopfer). Pediatrics. December 2019.

15. “Preconception health in England: a proposal for annual reporting with core metrics” (with J. Stephenson, C. Vogel, J. Hall, et al.). The Lancet, 2019, 393: 2262-71.

14. “Cohort Profile: The DynaHEALTH Consortium – A European Consortium for a Life-Course Bio-Psychosocial Model of Healthy Ageing of Glucose Homeostasis”, with E. Lowry, S. Sebert, M.-R. Jarvelin et al., International Journal of Epidemiology, 2019.

13. “The Effects of Two Influential Early Childhood Interventions on Health and Healthy Behaviors(with J.J. Heckman and R. Pinto). NBER WP 21454 and IZA DP 9247. Economic Journal, 2016, October, vol. 126, issue 596, F28-F65. Abstract

12. “Early Health Shocks, Intra-household Resource Allocation, and Child Outcomes” (with J.J. Heckman, J. Yi and J. Zhang). NBER WP 20757 and IZA DP 8711. Economic Journal, 2015, November. Abstract

11. “Bayesian Exploratory Factor Analysis” (with S. Fruhwirth-Schnatter, J.J. Heckman and R. Piatek). IZA DP 8338 and CEMMAP WP 30-14. Journal of Econometrics, 2014, 183(1), November, 31-57.

10. “Early Childhood Investments Substantially Boost Adult Health(with Campbell, J.J. Heckman, S. Moon, Y. Pan, R. Pinto and E. Pungello), Science, 2014, vol. 343 no. 6178, pp. 1478-1485. Pubmed link.

9. “Understanding Conscientiousness Across the Lifecourse: An Economic Perspective” (with J.J. Heckman). Developmental Psychology, 2014, 50(5), May, 1451-1459. Pubmed link.

8. “Popularity” (with Galeotti, G. Mueller and S. Pudney). NBER WP 18475. Journal of Human Resources, 2013, 48(4), 1072-1094.

7. “Personality and the Education-Health Gradient” (with Hansman). ISER WP 2012-20. Journal of Health Economics, 2013, 32(2), March, 480-485. Pubmed version.

6. “Transcriptional modulation of the developing immune system by early life social adversity” (with W. Cole, J.M. Arevalo, A.M. Ruggiero, J.J. Heckman and S.J. Suomi). IZA DP 6915. PNAS, 2012, 109(50), 20578-83..

5. “Primate Evidence on the Late Health Effects of Early Life Adversity” (with Hansman, J.J. Heckman, M. Novak, A.M. Ruggiero and S.J. Suomi). NBER WP 18002 and IZA DP 6495. PNAS, 2012, 109(23), 8866-8871. Pubmed version.

4. “Child and Adolescent Mental Health Worldwide: Evidence for Action”, (with Kieling, H. Baker- Henningham, M. Belfer, I. Ertem, O. Omigbodun, L.A. Rohde, S. Srinath, N. Ulkuer and A. Rahman). The Lancet, 2011, 378(9801), 1515-1525.

3. “Survey Design and the Analysis of Satisfaction”. (with S.E. Pudney). ISER WP 2008-39 (original title “If you are happy and you know it, clap your hands”). Review of Economics and Statistics, 93(3), August 2011, 1087-1093.

2. “Understanding the Early Origins of the Education-Health Gradient: A Framework that can Also be Applied to Analyze Gene-Environment Interactions”, (with J. Heckman). Perspectives on Psychological Science, September 2010, 5(5), 585-605. Pubmed link.

1. “Training, Productivity and Wages in Italy”. Labour Economics, 2005, 12(4), 557-576. Reprinted in Recent Developments in the Economics of Training (2007), Francis Green , Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Other Journal Articles (Invited/Conference Proceedings/Non-refereed)

6. “Policy efforts on Gender-based violence and adolescent and child maltreatment before and since COVID-19 in Italy” (with F. Bustreo, B. Armocida, F. Tronci and C. Rocco), GIGA Policy Briefing Paper, March 2022.

5. “La debole risposta contro la violenza di genere e il maltrattamento dei bambini durante la pandemia in Italia” (with F. Bustreo, B. Armocida, F. Tronci and C. Rocco, Salute Globale, 8 March 2022.

4. “The effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on time use, beliefs, childcare and child development for first-time parents in England” (with E. Johnson-Watts). Archives of Disease in Childhood, 2021; 106(Suppl 1).

3. “COVID-19, Childcare Attendance and Child Development in England” (with E. Johnson-Watts). Issues in English, 2021. English Association Editor.

2. “The Developmental Approach to Child and Adult Health” (with J. Heckman). NBER WP 18664 and IZA DP 7060. Pediatrics, 2013, vol.131 Supplement 2, April, S133-S141. Pubmed version.

1. “The Education-Health Gradient”, (with J. Heckman and S. Urzua). American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 2010, 100, 234-238. Pubmed version.

Book Chapters

8. “Early childhood interventions to reduce intergenerational inequality“ (with S. Gupta), ‘Research Handbook on Intergenerational Inequality’, edited by L. Macmillan, J. Blanden, E. Kilpi-Jakonen and J. Erola, Edward Elgar editor. Forthcoming.

7. “The Economics of Multisystemic Resilience” (with T. Paredes), in Multisystemic Resilience (M. Ungar Editor, OUP), February 2021.

6. “The Economics of Prevention in the Early Years”, Chapter for the textbook for public health nurses Community Public Health in Policy and Practice 3E, S. Cowley and K. Whittaker eds. Published by Elsevier, August 2020.

5. “The Developmental Origins of Health Inequality” (with G. Mason and S. Poupakis). IZA DP 12448 and IFS WP 19-17. In the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Health Economics (OUP), August 2019.

4. “The Developmental Origins of Health Inequality”. In Pedro Rosa Dias, Owen O’Donnell (ed.), Health and Inequality (Research on Economic Inequality, Volume 21), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2013, pp.285-309.

3. “The Economics of Child Well-Being” (with J. Heckman). NBER WP 18466 and IZA DP 6930. In the Handbook of Child Well-Being, Ben-Arieh, A., Frones, I., Casas, F., Korbin, J.E. (Eds.), September 2013, pp. 363-401. IZA Top 10 Downloads in October and November 2012.

2. “Early Childhood Development: Creating Healthy Communities with Greater Efficiency and Effectiveness” (with J. Heckman), in Investing in What Works for America’s Communities: Essays on People, Place & Purpose, edited by Nancy O. Andrews and David J. Erickson, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco and Low Income Investment Fund (2012), 327-337.

1. “Estimating the Size of the UK Illicit Drugs Market”, (with Badillo, M. Bryan, J. Burton, M. Iacovou and S.E. Pudney), in “Measuring different aspects of problem drug use: methodological developments”, edited by N. Singleton, R. Murray and L. Tinsley, Home Office Online Report, no.16 (2006).

Commentaries/Opinion Pieces/Blog Posts

Invited piece in VoxDev on “Direct and spillover effects of access to health insurance in India” (July 2022).

Invited piece in Ideas for India on “Access to health insurance in India: Direct and spillover effects” (July 2022).

Invited piece in VOXEU on “The long-lasting health effects of severe shocks during pregnancy” (February 2022).

Invited piece in VOXEU on “Supporting parents and children in the early years during (and after) the COVID-19 crisis” (May 2020). Covered in UCL News.

Invited commentary in The Conversation on the health budget (March 2020).

Invited pieces in The Conversation and Nursery World on the health effects of Sure Start (June 2019).


Using FOI data to assess the state of Health Visiting Services in England before and during COVID-19” (with A. Dow). UCL brief. August 2021.

Rebuilding the health visiting workforce: Costing policy proposals” (with A. Dow). UCL brief. June 2021.

Parental involvement in home schooling and developmental play during lockdown” (with A. Villadsen and E. Fitzsimons). CLS Brief. 2020.

Prevalence of COVID-19, symptoms and testing in the U.K. – Initial findings from the COVID-19 Survey in Five Longitudinal Studies” (with D.M. Williams, N. Chaturvedi, A. Hughes, G. Ploubidis and R. Silverwood). CLS Brief. 2020.

Conti, G., Dow, A. The impacts of COVID-19 on Health Visiting Services in England: FOI Evidence for the First Wave”. UCL Brief. 21 December 2020.

Conti, G., Dow, A. “The impacts of COVID-19 on Health Visiting in England: First Results.” UCL Brief. 25 September 2020.

“The Health Effects of Sure Start” (with S. Cattan, C.Farquharson and R. Ginja). IFS Report R155. 2019.